A Handbook of Wisdom: Psychological Perspectives
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Wise leadership. Meacham, J. The loss of wisdom.
Jennifer Jordan – The Conversation
In Wisdom: Its nature, origins, and development, ed. Sternberg, Nozick, R. Osbeck, L. Philosophical theories of wisdom. Peterson, C. Seligman, eds. Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Schwartz, B. Practical wisdom: Aristotle meets positive psychology. Journal of Happiness Studies Seligman, M. Positive psychol-ogy: An introduction. Srivastava, S. Cooperrider, eds. Organizational wisdom and executive courage. San Francisco: New Lexington Press. Sternberg, R.
Wisdom: Its nature, origins, and development. A balance theory of wisdom. Review of General Psychology WICS: A model of leadership in organizations. Acadamy of Management Learning and Education Jordan, eds. Handbook of wisdom: Psychological perspectives. Some books on the topics of Wisdom explores wisdom's promise for helping scholars and lay people to understand the apex of human thought and behavior. At a time when poor choices are being made by notably intelligent and powerful individuals, these scientists presents analysis and review on a form of reasoning and decision-making that is not only productive and prudent, but also serves a beneficial purpose for society as a whole.
There is is a collection of some of the most prominent scholars in the field of wisdom research. Written from multiple perspectives, including psychology, philosophy, and religion, these scientists give the reader an in-depth understanding of wisdom's past, present, and possible future direction within literature, science, and society.
Robert J. Sternberg (editor)'s Documents
Historically, wisdom has been most widely mentioned and discussed in religious and philosophical writings Kekes ; Birren and Svensson ; Osbeck and Robinson Writers have usually focused on what makes a person wise e. The Bible, for instance, includes several stories of people acting wisely during difficult circumstances, with Job and Solomon being among the most scrutinized see, e.
Aristotle writes about two kinds of wisdom, the philosophical and the practical Clayton and Birren ; Schwartz and Sharpe Practical wisdom signifies the variety of behavioral wisdom found in everyday life Brown , including executive decision making.
Generally speaking, practical wisdom is: ''the capacity to recognize the essentials of what we encounter and to respond well and fittingly to those circumstances'' Fowers , p. The rise of science during the Renaissance signaled rather ironically a decline of interest in the concept of human wisdom per se Assmann By the early twentieth century, the success of science, relative to wisdom, was lamented by several cultural commentators e.
Eliot [, The Rock]: ''All our knowledge brings us nearer to our ignorance Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge? Wisdom was dis-regarded for several decades in modern social science particularly, due to highly mechanistic or strictly cognitive paradigms on human nature, and a devaluation of the moral dimensions of good decisions and follow-through behavior.
However, with the rise of postmodernism breaking down boundaries between the humanities and the social sciences Assmann , and with the rise of positive psychology Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi encouraging a focus on human flourishing, new momentum and credibility for the study of wisdom were established. Recent research has been multifaceted, but leading nonetheless to insights that converge in numerous ways as generalized theory and understanding about wisdom Birren and Svensson The late Paul Baltes and his colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development Berlin, Germany have studied wisdom primarily in terms of life span psychology and gerontology.
They define wisdom as: ''a highly valued and outstanding expertise in dealing with fundamental, that is, existential problems related to the meaning and conduct of life'' Kunzmann and Baltes , p.
In reviewing their stream of work, Baltes and Staudinger identify six properties of wisdom: 1. Looking to future studies, Baltes and Smith stress the need to move outside the laboratory to contexts in which wisdom-in-action occurs during the course of daily life. The 2nd research team, led by Robert Sternberg, builds upon his earlier pioneering work on intelligence and expertise. He conceptualizes wisdom as: "knowledge applied for the attainment of the common good through the balancing of multiple interests-including oneself, others, and surroundings-over short-term and long-term horizons" Sternberg His chief metaphor of ' 'balancing'' leads Sternberg to underscore that wisdom is often characterized by thinking in terms of dialectics or paradoxes, that is, it involves considering, accepting, and dealing with simultaneous opposite conditions.
These interrelated notions of balancing, dialectics, and paradoxes show up variously in other writings on wisdom e. Sternberg also sees wisdom as preceding and superseding ethics. Acting ethically across an assortment of situations requires, in advance, the wisdom to recognize where and when ethical deliberation is called for see also Fowers In addition, contrary to the conventional notion of wisdom as a late-adulthood phenomenon, Sternberg maintains that wisdom can be nurtured and demonstrated much earlier in life.
Finally, he also holds a more relativistic position on wisdom insofar as its elements and processes are partly domain specific which also includes business and marketing.
In particular, the paradoxes and their balancing which are most central to acting wisely in different important decision contexts are yet to be defined and catalogued. A topic ignored in mainstream scientific inquiry for decades, wisdom is beginning to return to the place of reverence that it held in ancient schools of intellectual study. A Handbook of Wisdom explores wisdom's promise for helping scholars and lay people to understand the apex of human thought and behavior.
At a time when poor choices are being made by notably intelligent and powerful individuals, this book presents analysis and review on a form of reasoning and decision-making that is not only productive and prudent, but also serves a beneficial purpose for society. A Handbook of Wisdom is a collection of chapters from some of the most prominent scholars in the field of wisdom research. Written from multiple perspectives, including psychology, philosophy, and religion, this book gives the reader an in-depth understanding of wisdom's past, present, and possible future direction within literature, science, and society.
It is a worthwhile read, and the conscientious reader will be more knowledgeable if not wiser.
Simpson, PsycCritiques "Wisdom appears to have much to do with outstanding futures-thinking, and thus in a very broad sense can be seen as a method to be cultivated. Help Centre. Track My Order. My Wishlist Sign In Join. Be the first to write a review. Add to Wishlist. Ships in 7 to 10 business days. Link Either by signing into your account or linking your membership details before your order is placed.
Description Table of Contents Product Details Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book! Industry Reviews "This handbook provides a valuable compendium of the current state of knowledge about wisdom.